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The Bjerknes Centre is a collaboration on climate research, between the University of Bergen, Uni Research, the Institute of Marine Research, Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre.

Publications & Presentations- Organic

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  • He, Y.-C., Drange, H., Gao, Y., and Bentsen, M. (2016). Simulated Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in the 20th century with an ocean model forced by reanalysis-based atmospheric data sets. Ocean Modelling, 100, 31–48.
  • Heinze, C., Hoogakker, B. A. A:, and Winguth, A. (2016). Ocean carbon cycling during the past 130 000 years -  a pilot study on inverse palaeoclimate record modeling. Clim. Past, 12, 1949-1978. dii:10.5194/cp-12-1949-2016​
  • Kessler, A. and Tjiputra, J. (2016),  The Southern Ocean as a constraint to reduce uncertainty in future ocean carbon sinks. Earth System Dynamics, 7, 295-312.
  • Nevison, C. D., Manizza, M., Keeling, R. F., Stephens, B. B., Bent, J. D., Dunne, J. P., Ilyina, T., Long, M. C., Resplandy, L., Tjiputra, J., and Yukimoto, S. (2016), Evaluating CMIP5 ocean biogeochemistry and Southern Ocean carbon uptake using atmospheric potential oxygen: Present-day performance and future projection. Geophysical Research Letters, 43.(5), 2077-2085.
  • Séférian, R., Gehlen, M., Bopp, L., Resplandy, L., Orr, J. C., Marti, O., Dunne, J. P., Christian, J. R., Doney, S. C., Ilyina, T., Lindsay, K., Halloran, P. R., Heinze, C., Segschneider, J., Tjiputra, J., Aumont, O., and Romanou, A. (2016), Inconsistent strategies to spin up models in CMIP5: implications for ocean biogeochemical model performance assessment. Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 1827-1851.
  • Schwinger, J., Goris, N., Tjiputra, J., Kriest, I., Bentsen, M., Bethke, I., Ilicak, M., Assmann, K. M., and  Heinze, C. (2016), Evaluation of NorESM-OC (versions 1 and 1.2), the ocean carbon-cycle stand-alone configuration of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM1). Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 2589-2622.


  • He, Y., et al., Simulated Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in the 20th century with an ocean model forced by reanalysis-based atmospheric data sets, Oral presentation at the European Geoscience Union Open Science Conference, Vienna, Austria, April 2016.
  • He, Y., et al., Simulated Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation inthe 20th century with an ocean model forced by reanalysis-based atmospheric data sets, Poster presentation at the CLIVAR 2016 Open Science Conference, Qingtao, China, September 2016.
  • He, Y., et al., Estimation of anthropogenic carbon in the ocean using transit-time distribution (TTD) and evaluation of its uncertainties based on ocean model output. Oral presentation at the CLIVAR Open Science Conference 2016, Qingtao, China, September 2016.
  • Pilskog, I., Havets transportbånd. Forskningsdagene i Bergen; Bergen, Norway, September 2016.




  • Goris, et al., Responses of carbon uptake and oceanic pCO2 to climate change in the North Atlantic: A model study with the Bergen Earth System Model, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 29, dii:10.1002/2015GB005109, 2015.
  • Tjiputra, et al., Impact of idealized future stratospheric aerosol injection on the large -scale ocean and land carbon cycles, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosciences, dii:10.1002/2015JG003045, 2015.


  • Heinze, C., A 130kyr synthetic sediment core study and carbon isotopes, HAMOCC retreat, Hamburg, Germany, 31.08.2015


  • Ivanova et al., State and variability of the North Atlantic water mass formation and its relation to the AMOC in the NorESM-1 climate model, Toward a holistic picture of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation International Scoence Meeting, Bristol, UK, 21-24 July 2015. 
  • Tjiputra, et al., Sensitivity and regional change of future biological carbon pump to POC flux parameterization, 3rd International Symposium Effects of climate Change on the World’s Ocean, Santos city, Brazil, 23-27 March 2015.
  • Tjiputra and Kessler, Contemporary Southern Ocean CO2 sink is critical for constraining and reducing uncertainty of future ocean carbon sink, SOLAS Open Science Conference, Kiel, Germany, 7-11 September 2015.