The Bjerknes Centre is a collaboration on climate research, between the University of Bergen, NORCE, the Institute of Marine Research, Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre.

Seminar: Dynamic and Thermodynamic Factors Controlling Increasing Summer Monsoon Rainfall over the West African Sahel

 Akintomide A. Akinsanola will give a seminar talk on 24. September. He comes from the School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong.

Portrett Akinsanola
Akintomide Akinsanola

Akintomide Akinsanola is currently a Ph.D. candidate at the School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR. He got his Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in Meteorology from the Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria in 2011 and 2015 respectively. His research interests include West African monsoon, regional climate modeling, climate variability and change.

 

Abstract:

The central-eastern Sahel (CES) subregion of West Africa has experienced a significant increasing trend in summer monsoon rainfall during 1980 – 2012, but the reasons remain unclear. In this study, we employ a moisture budget analysis to assess the controlling mechanisms and to quantify the contributions of different factors to this increasing trend. Results reveal that the majority of the increasing rainfall over the CES is balanced by increased vertical moisture advection. We further decompose the vertical moisture advection term into dynamic, thermodynamic, and nonlinear components. The dynamic component exhibits the largest contribution to the trend, followed by the thermodynamic component. These components are modulated by strong convergence in the middle and lower troposphere and increased near-surface specific humidity from a remote source. Diagnosing changes in vertical moisture advection against the background of global warming deserves more attention when projecting changes in climate at subregional scales, especially in arid and semiarid regions.

 

Arranged date for the seminar talk: Sep 24, 2018 at 14:15

Place: BCCR lecture room 4020